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Alan Turing (1912-1954) was a British mathematician and computer scientist. He is most famous for solving the German naval Enigma code during World War II. The Enigma was a coded messaging machine used to send German military communications. Turing broke the code by building a computing machine called the Bombe. This machine led the way for the development of modern electronic computers. After the war, Turing continued to work on computers. He worked at the National Physical Laboratory in London, where he designed the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) in 1945. This was one of the first stored- program computers, an important step in developing computers.
Turing enjoyed running, and reached world-class marathon standards. In 1948 he beat Tom Richards, who had won the silver medal at the Olympics that year.